If you are a woodwork enthusiast, you would be familiar with the use of router in the wood cutting procedure. Two of the most widely used routers are Plunge router and fixed base router. Although both these terms are used interchangeably, there lies a difference between the two. Fixed base router has a preset function, and it cuts the wood in the same depth. Whereas the plunge base router has an unusual design wherein it dips, cuts and then return to its original position. You can learn about techniques and procedure of wood cutting at wood router center. Further to keep yourself updated with the new technologies in the woodwork world www.woodmagazine.com have the best information.
Let us now elaborately understand the functioning of the two types of router.
These have spring loaded arms on either side and the part of the machinery in the between move up and down on the base. It is a perfect choice for design patterns like dados, grooves, mortices, insects, etc. It performs well in edge work.
Fixed base router
In case of the fixed base router the base is fixed and so is the cutting side. One can manually set and lock the depth level, thus renders the better degree of accuracy and precision. This is a perfect choice when super precise cuts are needed.
Specific parameters based on which you can compare the routers and make a choice for the best-suited one to your need include;
1. Horsepower: The router should have a minimum of 2HP horsepower rating since anything less than it would not be enough for penetrating into the hard surface of the wood. Many fixed base routers come with an additional feature which makes up for the less horsepower.
2. Variable speed control: Speed control plays a critical role in the operation of the router.
The speed and intensity of pressure may vary for different type of woods, therefore while choosing the router base, variable speed option may be an added advantage.
3. Collet diameter: It is a chunk that clamps around the object to hold it in place. The colt diameter is the size of the chunk that the collet can hold. A collet diameter varying between ¼ to ½ is ideal but is tough to find.
4. Electronic feedback system: It Is the way the router reacts to the load generated and readjusting itself accordingly. This helps in achieving more accuracy and makes the router easier to use.
You can compare both the models based on specific points:
Easier to use or better control
A plunge router is easier to use, whereas fixed base router offers better power because of the additional grip it provides on the sides. The level of depth is constant in the fixed base as compared to plunge base. Although accuracy wise fixed base is more promising, the plunge router is better for interior cutting purposes.
Reliability and maintenance
Although safety and maintenance wise both of them perform similarly, one useful tip is to move along the grain and against the bit’s rotation. This will help in having better control over the movement.